Sovereignty in the Global Economy: An Evolving Geopolitical Concept
AbstractThe recent global economic transformations have affected states and their behavior. Specifically, states have experienced a reduction in their ability to act independently in the new global economy. This paper argues that the traditional conceptualization of State Sovereignty is insufficient to explain the complex international geopolitical system of the 21st century. The paper explains why the state and the concept of sovereignty continue to be important to understand the international order even though they no longer carry the same meanings they once did. The paper then identifies the major characteristics that a broader concept of sovereignty should have if it is to form the basis of a future dialogue on international geopolitics. The paper then proposes a new definition that reflects the changing context of state behavior and its consequences for both internal and external behavior within an emerging international geopolitical and economic order. The new definition captures the fact that power is no longer a zero-sum game and that both power and sovereignty are increasingly multidimensional. States may experience a loss of power or reduction of sovereignty in some contexts, yet simultaneously strengthen their position in other contexts. The ranking of states relative to their power may depend on the issue to which the power is applied. The paper concludes with some speculation about how the new conceptualization may help advance discussion in the future.
Albert, M. and Brock, L. (1998) What keeps Westphalia together? Normative integration and fragmentation in the modern system of states. Paper presented at The Third Israeli Symposium on Political Geography: Geopolitics and Globalization in the Postmodern World, Israel, 25-31 January.
Allen, J. (1995) Global Worlds. In Allen, J. and Hamnett, C. (eds.) A Shrinking World? Global Unevenness and Inequality. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 233-254.
Anderson, J. (1995) The Exaggerated death of the Nation State. In Anderson. J., Brook, c., and Cochrane, A. (eds.) A Global World? Re-ordering Political Space. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 65-112.
Biersteker, TJ. (1981) The limits of state power in the contemporary world economy. In Brown, P. G. and Shue, H. (eds.) Boundaries, National Autonomy and its Limits. New Jersey: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 147-176.
Camilleri,J.A. (1990) Rethinking sovereignty in a shrinking fragmented world. In Walker, R.B.J. and Mendlovitz, S.H. (eds.) Contending Sovereignties: Redefining Political Community. Boulder CO: Lynne Reiner.
Camilleri, J.A. and Falk, J. (1992) The End of Sovereignty: The Politics of a Shrinking and Fragmented World. Aldershot: Edward Elgar (Excerpted in Anderson, J., Brook, c., and Cochrane, A. (eds.) A Global World? Re-ordering Political Space. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 63-64.
Cohen, H. E. (1937) Recent Theories in Sovereignty. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cox, R. W (1992), Global Perestroika. In Miliband, R. and Pannitch, L. (eds.) Socialist Register. London: Merlin Press, pp. 26-43.
Dicken, P. (1992) Global Shift, 2nd edition. London: Guilford.
Elazar, D.J. (1998) Political Science, Geography, and the spatial dimension of politics. Paper presented at The Third Israeli Symposium on Political Geography: Geopolitics and Globalization in the Postmodern World, Israel, 25-31 January.
Euromonitor (1996) The World Economic Fact Book. London.
Harris, N. (1986) The End of the Third World: Newly Industrializing Countries and the Decline of Ideology. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Held, D. (ed.) (1992) Prospects for Democracy. Oxford: Blackwell.
Kaplan, R. (1997) Was Democracy Just a Moment? The Atlantic Monthly, 280:55-80.
Knox, P. and Agnew, J. 1994 The Geography of the World Economy. New York: Edward Arnold.
Lapid, Y. (1998) Identities, orders, borders (lEO): New directions in IR theory. Paper presented at The Third Israeli Symposium on Political Geography: Geopolitics and Globalization in the Postmodern World, Israel, 25-31 January.
Lapidoth, R. (1992) Sovereignty in Transition. Journal of International Affairs, 45: 325-337.
Lewis, M. and Wigen, K. (1997) The Myth of Continents: A Critique of Metageography. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Leyshon, A. (1995) Annihilating space? The speed up of communications. In Allen, J. and Hamnett, C, (eds.) A Shrinking World? Global Unevenness and Inequality. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 11-54.
McGrew, A. and Lewis, P. (eds.) (1992) Global Politics. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Mahathir, Bin Mohamad (1997) Highwaymen of the Global Economy. The Wall Street Journal, September 23, p. A22.
O'Tuathail, G. (1998) Postmodern geopolitics? The modern geopolitical imagination and beyond. Paper presented at The Third Israeli Symposium on Political Geography: Geopolitics and Globalization in the Postmodern World, Israel, 25-31 January.
Rosenau, J. N. (1990) Turbulence in World Politics: A Theory of Change and Continuity. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Ruggie, J. (1993) Territoriality and beyond. International Organization, 41:139. (Excerpted in Anderson, J., Brook, C and Cochrane, A. (eds.) A Global World? Re-ordering Political Space. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 107-110.)
Spruyt, H. (1994) The Sovereign State and its Competitors: An Analysis of Systems Change. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Stop ford, J. Heanley, J. and Strange, S. (1991) Rival States, Rival Firms: Competition for World Market Shares. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Strange, S. (1996) The Retreat of the State: The Diffusion of Power in the World Economy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Taylor, P. J. and Thrift, N. (1986) Multinationals and the Restructuring of the World Economy. London: Croom Helm.
Warf, B. (1989) Telecommunications and the globalization of financial services. The Professional Geographer, 41 :257-271.
World Bank (1995) The World Development Report. New York: Oxford University Press.
- The contributor(s) (authors) warrant that the entire work is original and unpublished; it is submitted only to this Journal and all text, data, figures/tables or other illustrations included in this work are completely original and unpublished, and these have not been previously published or submitted elsewhere in any form or media whatsoever.
- The contributor(s) warrant that the work contains no unlawful or libelous statements and opinions and liable materials of any kind whatsoever, does not infringe on any copyrights, intellectual property rights, personal rights or rights of any kind of others, nor contains any plagiarized, fraudulent, improperly attributed materials, instructions, procedures, information or ideas that might cause any harm, damage, injury, losses or costs of any kind to person or property.
- The contributor(s) retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- The contributor(s) are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- The contributor(s) are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- Geography Research Forum may disseminate the content of the publications and publications’ Meta data in text, image, or other print and electronic formats to providers of research databases (e.g. EBSCO, GeoBase, JSTOR) to facilitate publications' exposure.