Globalization and the Scales of Citizenship
AbstractNew levels, sites, and structures of governance are being created in response to processes of globalization, with implications for the assumptions that locate citizenship within nation-states. In this paper, I argue that the reconfiguration and relocation of citizenship is multi-layered and scaled. The reconfiguration of formal and substantive aspects of citizenship is not linear, in that the ability to guarantee rights and meet responsibilities does not uniformly increase or decrease as one moves across scales. The new spatiality of citizenship that is emerging is one in which the political opportunity structure of scale interacts with structures and practices embedded in the nation-state. The geography of citizenship, then, is organized around both scale and territory. I examine this new geography of citizenship and the possibilities for individuals to act as citizens that it entails using the example of transnational migrants.
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